You are browsing the archive for Rosa Parks.

by becca

55th Anniversary of Rosa Parks brave choice

December 1, 2010 in 1940s-1950s, 1950s-1960s, Political history, Social history

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to move seats in order to accompany a white passenger and to move to the back of an Alabama bus, as the law stated she must since she was African-American. She was promptly arrested for this action, a small price to pay for the change she brought on.

After that night, there was a 381 day protest of the Montgomery bus system in support of Rosa’s brave decision to stand up for her rights. This boycott almost led to the demise of the buses in Montgomery due to the mass amounts of people refusing to ride. Churches and homes in the black community were often attacked during this time when people felt they weren’t cooperating. Finally, in 1956, the Supreme Court banned segregation on public transportation.

Rosa Parks, along with her husband Raymond, were active in the Montgomery branch of the NAACP and she was appointed secretary in 1943. She later served as the advisor for the NAACP Youth Council. She was also hired as a staff assistant to House of Representatives member John Conyers, Jr.

55 years later, it is incredibly important to remember the actions Rosa Parks did in order to make a necessary change in our society. Although she passed away in October of 2005, Rosa Parks will forever be remembered and honored for her brave achievements.

This website has a great biography on her life and accomplishments: http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/par0bio-1

by Syle

A Successful Activist: Ella Baker

October 14, 2010 in 1950s-1960s, Political history, Social history

Ella Baker was a very prominent and successful leader. She was part of many important groups and worked along side many of the biggest names during the civil rights era. Her grandmother was a slave, and growing up she would listen to stories of slave revolts. She graduated college from Shaw University, as the valedictorian of her class. Afterwards she went on to do great things as an activist and became a great leader.

Ella Baker was part of many well known groups that were essential to the Civil Rights movement. She did much of her work behind the scenes and was even responsible for some of these groups starting in the first place. She started her work with teh NAACP and spent much of her life working with them. Much more noteworthy however, she was part of the reason the Southern Christian Leadership Conference even began. She became the first staffmember for the SCLC and was so for long time. While working with the SCLC she worked alongside Dr. Martin Luther King who was the first president of the organization. During her career she also helped jumpstart the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee and began working with them for many years.

Ella Baker was a very important woman for the Civil Rights Movement, even though she did much of her work behind the scenes. Starting these organizations shows the kind of leader she was and her desire to make things equal. She worked with many people such as Dr. Martin Luther King, W.E.B. Dubois, and Anne Braden. But has also been noted as being a mentor for other people such as Rosa Parks. Ella Baker was an amazing woman with a lot of drive and was a very key part of the Civil Rights Movement.

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